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Responsive Website Design and Development

Banner Image of Responsive Website Design and Development

Almost all Website owners want a mobile version of their business Website these days. Developing a Website version for each new device and resolution is much difficult, to overcome this difficulty a new technology introduced, which is nothing but Responsive Web Design approach. Responsive Web Design is a Website Design approach that provides an optimal viewing experience across a wide range of devices and screen resolution, which provide a finest screening experience, easy navigation and user-friendly interface with a minimum use of resource. Responsive Web Design approach adapts the layout to the viewing environment by using flexible images, flexible grids and CSS3 media queries. Responsive Web Design concept is not only about adaptable screen resolutions for devices, but rather about an innovative idea about Website Design and Development. Let’s discuss about some of these exciting features, approach and techniques.

Viewport Meta Tag:

Viewport Meta tag was introduced by Apple, and then it was adopted by other Developers too. Most of the mobile browsers resize HTML pages to a wide viewport width to it fit on the respective screen resolution. The most important part of the viewport tag is let browser know the right width of your Website. There are many parameters of viewport like, initial-scale, maximum-scale, user-scalable=no, combo breaker etc. The viewport Meta tag below tells the browser to use the current device width instead of initial scale:

meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0″

Flexible grid:

We should discard the fixed width style concept while using the flexible grid procedure. Flexible grid means that all the elements of our Website are resized in association to each other. The basic idea of a fluid grid Design is to use proportional width in percentage instead using pixel-based sizes.

Fluid images:

The main difficulty of Responsive Web Design is organizing the width of images. There are many techniques available to resize content images proportionally, and many of them can be easily done. The usage of fluid images let us to adjustment of the size to the parent block automatically. The easiest idea of fluid image is to use the properties of {max-width: 100%}. The below principle can be applied to images, objects and videos as well:

img { max-width: 100%; }

Media Queries:

CSS3 media quires are the most important part of Responsive Web Design. Media queries are needed in order to display the optimized layout for different resolutions. It is a part of the CSS3 standard, which allows you to apply deferent styles in media quires block to optimize Website for different display resolution. The media quires block looks like this:

@media only screen and (min-width: 980px) and (max-width: 1024px) {
/* Styles */
}
@media only screen and (min-width: 800px) and (max-width: 979px) {
/* Styles */
}
@media only screen and (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 799px) {
/* Styles */
}
@media only screen and (min-width: 360px) and (max-width: 767px) {
/* Styles */
}
@media only screen and (min-width: 320px) and (max-width: 359px) {
/* Styles */
}

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